Building Structure and Its Function

In the implementation of building construction, it is necessary for a general contractor to know the structure in the building, so that the parts of the structure need to be reviewed. The review carried out is very closely related to the calculation of the volume and material needed so that the budget for implementing the building structure can be calculated. A simple definition of structure in relation to buildings according to Schodack’s theory (1991) that structure is a means to channel the burden and the effect of the use or presence of buildings in the ground.

– Sloof

Sloof is a reinforced concrete beam that functions as load support that is above the foundation and also serves to hold the wall load above it and is a part that unites and composes between the foundations to receive various loads from above. The sloop’s main function is to protect the movement of the ground from under the building. The soil that is pressed by the foundation distributes the pressure around it.

– Column

The column is a structural component or pillar of a building that functions to support vertical compressive axial loads with high parts that are not supported at least three times the smallest lateral dimensions. As part of a building framework with such functions and roles, the column has an important position in the building structure system. Column failure will have a direct effect on the collapse with it or even the total collapse of the overall structure of the building.

– Floor Beams

Beams are wood/concrete or steel that are installed indoors to hold the ceiling frame. In addition, the floor beam also functions as the main stiffener of the building or structure. The loads borne by the beam are the floor plate, the wall, and its own weight. Beams also receive horizontal loads due to the presence of wind forces and earthquake forces that are also distributed to the column.

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